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Brazil constructs climate tower in heart of Amazon to monitor climate change
Editor:source edie newsroom  Time:2015-9-6

                            

ATTO is taller than the Eiffel Tower and will start collecting data on heat, water, cloud formation, carbon absorption and weather patterns

 

Researchers in Brazil have finished constructing a 325-metre high tower that will analyse the Amazon rainforest's gas emissions, to help understand climate change.

The 8.4m Amazonian Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO) is taller than the Eiffel Tower and will start collecting data on heat, water, cloud formation, carbon absorption and weather patterns over the rainforest later this year. It will link up with two smaller towers to collect data for 20 to 30 years.

Scientists are currently on-site installing equipment that will create a better understanding of the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Due to the height of the tower they can investigate the alteration and movement of air over a distance of several hundred kilometres.

The Amazon is a huge store of locked-up carbon. When the forest is cut away or burned, carbon is released. Deforestation is globally responsible for up to 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

ATTO is a joint project between the Max Planck Institute, the Brazilian National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA) and the University of the State of Amazonas.

Max Planck Society’s project coordinator Jürgen Kesselmeier said: "We do not yet adequately understand the role that the rain forest plays in the formation of aerosol particles and therefore in cloud formation. A whole range of secrets is waiting to be discovered using our new measurement tower."

 
 
 
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